Indonesia is an archipelagic island country in Southeast Asia, lying between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It is in a strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean. The country's variations in culture have been shaped—although not specifically determined—by centuries of complex interactions with the physical environment. Although Indonesians are now less vulnerable to the of nature as a result of improved technology and social programs, to some extent their social diversity has emerged from traditionally different patterns of adjustment to their physical circumstances.
Geographic regions
Indonesia is an archipelagic country extending 5,120 kilometers from east to west and 1,760 kilometers from north to south. It encompasses and estimated 17,508 islands, only 6,000 of which are inhabited. It comprises five main islands; Sumatra, Java, Borneo (known as "Kalimantan" in Indonesia), Sulawesi, and New Guinea; two major archipelagos (Nusa Tenggara and the Maluku Islands); and sixty smaller archipelagos. Four of the islands are shared with other nations; Borneo is shared with Malaysia and Brunei, Sebatik, located eastern coast of Kalimantan, shared with Malaysia, Timor is shared with East Timor, and the newly divided provinces of Papua and West Papua share the island of New Guinea with Papua New Guinea. Indonesia's total land area is 1,919,317 square kilometers. Included in Indonesia's total territory is another 93,000 square kilometers of inlands seas (straits, bays, and other bodies of water). The additional surrounding sea areas bring Indonesia's generally recognized territory (land and sea) to about 5 million square kilometers. The government, however, also claims an exclusive economic zone, which brings the total to about 7.9 million square kilometers.
Geographers have conventionally grouped Sumatra, Java (and Madura), Kalimantan (in Borneo island), and Sulawesi in the Greater Sunda Islands. These islands, except for Sulawesi, lie on the Sunda Shelf—an extension of the Malay Peninsula and the Southeast Asian mainland. At Indonesia's eastern extremity is Papua, which takes up the western half of the world's second largest island--New Guinea--on the Sahul Shelf. Sea depths in the Sunda and Sahul shelves average 200 meters or less. Between these two shelves lie Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara (also known as the Lesser Sunda Islands), and the Maluku Islands (or the Moluccas), which form a second island group where the surrounding seas in some places reach 4,500 meters in depth. The term Outer Islands is used inconsistently by various writers but it is usually taken to mean those islands other than Java and Madura.

Volcanoes in Indonesia
Tectonically, this region--especially Java--is highly unstable, and although the volcanic ash has resulted in fertile soils, it makes agricultural conditions unpredictable in some areas. The country has numerous mountains and some 400 volcanoes, of which approximately 150[1] are active. Between 1972 and 1991 alone, twenty-nine volcanic eruptions were recorded, mostly on Java. The most violent volcanic eruptions in modern times occurred in Indonesia. In 1815 a volcano at Gunung Tambora on the north coast of Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat Province, claimed 92,000 lives and created "the year without a summer" in various parts of the world. In 1883 Krakatau in the Sunda Strait, between Java and Sumatra, erupted and some 36,000 West Javans died from the resulting tidal wave. The sound of the explosion was reported as far away as Turkey and Japan. For almost a century following that eruption, Krakatau was quiet, until the late 1970s, when it erupted twice.
Mountains ranging between 3,000 and 3,800 meters above sea level can be found on the islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sulawesi, and Seram. The country's tallest mountains are located in the Jayawijaya Mountains and the Sudirman Mountains in Papua. The highest peak, Puncak Jaya, also known as Mount Carstenz, which reaches 4,884 meters, is located in the Sudirman Mountains.
Nusa Tenggara consists of two strings of islands stretching eastward from Bali toward Papua. The inner arc of Nusa Tenggara is a continuation of the chain of mountains and volcanoes extending from Sumatra through Java, Bali, and Flores, and trailing off in the Banda Islands. The outer arc of Nusa Tenggara is a geological extension of the chain of islands west of Sumatra that includes Nias, Mentawai, and Enggano. This chain resurfaces in Nusa Tenggara in the ruggedly mountainous islands of Sumba and Timor.The Maluku Islands (or Moluccas) are geologically among the most complex of the Indonesian islands. They are located in the northeast sector of the archipelago, bounded by the Philippines to the north, Papua to the east, and Nusa Tenggara to the south. The largest of these islands include Halmahera, Seram and Buru, all of which rise steeply out of very deep seas. This abrupt relief pattern from sea to high mountains means that there are very few level coastal plains.Geomorphologists believe that the island of New Guinea, of which Papua is a part, may once have been part of the Australian continent. The breakup and tectonic action created both towering, snowcapped mountain peaks lining its central east-west spine and hot, humid alluvial plains along the coast of New Guinea. Papua's mountains range some 650 kilometers east to west, dividing the region between north and south.


Tour Itenary :

Day 01 Bali - Maumere - Moni
Upon arrival in Maumere meeting service and then drive directly to Moni or Detusoko. Overnight at Flores Sare or at Wisma St. Fransiskus - the Missionary Guest House.
Day 02 Moni/Detusoko-Kelimutu - Maumere
It is worth to experience the sunrise at Kelimutu - the three colored crater lakes (start at about 4 .00 o’clock). Once arrive in Kelimutu one will find something like nowhere, incomparable with known told stories - photos or even moving pictures have seen before. Drive then down hill and visit some villages (Koanara and Ranggase with traditional houses) to comprehend the Lio ethnic’s daily life and to understand their work of civilization. Such as the typical Lio House, some of them are decorated with breast figure as to symbolize the fertility and prosperity. The Lio people also well known for the Ikat weaving - the tie-dyeing weaving technique. Afternoon return to Maumere.
Day 03 Maumere - Bali
After breakfast , Morning free program till time to be transfered to the airport for Bali.


Mount Rinjani

Mount Rinjani

1995 eruption

Mount Rinjani
Elevation 3,726 metres (12,224 ft)
Location Lombok, Indonesia
Prominence 3,726 m Ranked 39th
Coordinates 8°25'00?S 116°28'00?E? / ?8.416667°S 116.466667°E? / -8.416667; 116.466667Coordinates: 8°25'00?S 116°28'00?E? / ?8.416667°S 116.466667°E? / -8.416667; 116.466667
Type Stratovolcano (active)
Last eruption 2004
Listing Ultra
Mount Rinjani or Gunung Rinjani is an active volcano in Indonesia on the island of Lombok. It rises to 3,726 m (12,224 ft), making it the third highest volcano in Indonesia, and similar in height to Mount Fuji. The first historical eruption occurred in September 1847. The most recent eruption of Mount Rinjani was on 10 May 2009. The volcano had started erupting again on 27 April 2009, and the mountain was closed as the eruptions intensified with plumes of smoke and ash as high as 8,000 m. [1]

The 6 km by 8.5 km oval-shaped caldera is filled partially by a crater lake known as Segara Anak ('Child of the Sea') and is approximately 2000m above sea level and estimated at being around 200m deep); the caldera also contains hot springs. The eruptions of 1994, 1995, and 1996 have formed a small cone, Gunung Baru (or 'New Mountain' - approximately 2300m above sea level) in the center of the caldera and lava flows from these eruptions have entered the lake. This cone has since been renamed Mount Barujari (or 'New Finger').

The highlands are forest clad and mostly underdeveloped. The lowlands are highly cultivated. Rice, soybeans, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cinnamon, and vanilla are the major crops grown in the fertile soils of the island.

The volcano and the caldera are protected by a national park established in 1997. Tourism is increasingly popular with trekkers able to visit the rim, make their way into the caldera or even to make the more arduous climb to the highest point; fatalities, however, are not uncommon.

04 Days / 03 Nights

Day 01
After a good breakfast at Senaru we will drive you to Sembalun (1 hour) where you will starts your trek. The path starts through fields where you can look up awe at the majestic summit of Gunung Rinjani. From the foothills of the mountain you will slowly start to climb up to Base Camp III where the porters will look a tasty lunch. from here you will climb one steeply through scenery that varies from barren grassland to woodland. The next stop is the campsite at the crater Rim, where you will be cooked a hearty Dinner that will give you the energy needed for the climb to the Summit the next morning after a good night sleep.

Day 02
At 02.30 Am, You will be woken up with a hot drink and a light breakfast. We starts the climb to the Peak at 03.00 Am in time to see the spectacular sunrise at the Summit. The effort is well worth it when you can see Java on one side and over to bali on the other side. On the way down you can see pause to look at the Magnificent lake and volcanic cone. After breakfast you will descent for three hours to the Crater Lake and also visit the refreshing Hot Spring and Waterfall.

Day 03
After an early starts you will climb back up to the other side of the Rim after a short walk around part of the Lake. Visit The Cave which takes you 04 hours roundtrip. Continue to climb up to Senaru Rim, From this side of the Rim you can see more awe inspiring views of the crater Rim. Summit and lake. Overnight.

Day 04
Wake up by a Spectacular view of the Sun rise, Enjoy the view before heading to Base Camp III and heading for your final meal - a well needed lunch. The last part of our journey passes through tropical rain forest for around 03 hours until you reach the road back to Senaru. Then it's time for a cold Beer at Rinjani Trekking Club Restaurant and congratulate your self for amazing achievement! Transfer back to your hotel in Senggigi.


By Day Itinerary :
Day 01 Surabaya – Tumpang (B)
I will Pick up at Juanda Airport then from Surabaya we will drive Drive to Malang with air conditioning vehicle take 3,5 hours, we will overnight in Overnight in Pelangi Hotel ***
Day 02 Malang - Tumpang – Ranupane- Kalimati Camp (B,L,D)

In The Morning after simple breakfast at Waroeng, we drive to Ranupane Village and starting to trekking take 6-8 hours to Kalimati Camp or Arcapada camp before sun down. We will hike in good pace while enjoying view of Mt Argopuro. Sometime you will spot the big smoke erupted from Mt Semeru in every 20 minutes or so. Hopefully all the member will arrive in Ranu Kumbolo in afternoon, then having lunch and short break.
Our journey continue to Kalimati (Dead River) with passing vast field of savannah just about the feet of Mt Semeru. Here you will stay in a camp, having resting to prepare summit attack in the midnight. As the climbing will take tool of energy we suggest you to have a good sleep.

Day 03 Semeru Summit – Ranu Kumbolo Lakes (B,L,D)
In the dark you will start climbing on rough ground, steep hike about an hour to Arcapada. You have to be careful due the landslide common happen in these area, so make sure that you have a strong torch to light your path. The route to the summit quite straightforward, in the sandy loose ground will again test your stamina. Prepare to slide down when you try to go up. Having trekking poles will be valuable to help you balances with the movement. Most people reach the summit about 3 hours, but it depends on everybody’s ability to keep going. It’s been advised by National Park to decent the summit before mid day due the gas produces by continuing smokes of Mt Semeru.

Reaching the summit (Mahameru) you will enjoy the view of the major part of East Java. You will stand in the highest mountain in Java. You have to see the small-scale eruption every 20 minutes full of smokes and stones. So enjoy your achievement today, you’ve deserved it but mind do not too close to the crater as the Mt Semeru is an active volcano.
Then we descend from summit back to Kalimati (camp) to have breakfast and to rest for a long morning trek. After breakfast we will continue to Ranu Kumbolo and stay here to enjoy view of beautiful lake. Don’t miss a change to see sunrise by the lake of Ranu Kumbolo.

Day 04 Ranu Kunbolo - Ranu Pane – Cemoro Lawang (B,L)
After breakfast you will back trekking to Ranu Pane village using different router via Mount Ayek-ayek the foot of Mount Semeru. We’ll Arrived in Ranu Pane you need to rest before another trip to Mt Bromo. After lunch at porter house Drive to cemoro lawang by jeep cross savanna Then check in Hotel Cemara Indah/Lava View in Cemoro lawang.

Day 05 Pananjakan – Mount Bromo – Sempol (B,D)

Early morning we will take you to see the spectacular sunrise from Mt Penanjakan with 4WD jeep. You will enjoy the magnificent view of Mt Semeru and Mt Bromo from the summit of Mt Penanjakan.Then we will drive you through vast of sandy area (lautan pasir = ocean of sands) across to go to summit of Mt Bromo. It is a concrete well mark steps to the edges of great crater. From here you can see the ocean beach and viewing the Hindu’s temple held by Tengger Tribe from Bromo. Then we will drive to Sempol Village
From Sempol village where we stay overnight we are going to trekking to Pal Tuding and Ijen Crater. After Check in we will visit waterfall and hot spring water near Ijen. overnight at Catimor Home stay – Blawan.

Day 06 Mount Ijen Crater – Surabaya/Ketapang (B)
Early in the morning, well before sunrise, we drive a short way to the start of the trail that leads up to the active beautiful crater of Kawah Ijen volcano (about 1 hr climbing) with its famous blue acid lake (which is the most acid in the world!) and the hot, partly liquid sulphur deposits. The fumaroles are so hot that sulphur comes out as green vapor. After plenty of observation time, we leave the Ijen Plateau and drive to Surabaya or Ketapang Harbour to Bali
End Trip, next destination
Contact Us

Price includes of:
• Private Land Transportation with AC and Jeep 4WD/Truck
• Ticket and Insurance Permit Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park
• Porters Team
• Tent and Sleeping Bag
• Accommodation in Pelangi Hotel***
• Accommodation in Cemara Indah Hotel/ Lava View standard room
• Accomodation in Catimor Homestay Blawan
• English Speaking Guides
• Meal with BLD Condition

Price excludes of:
• Air Fare and Airport Tax
• Personal Travel Insurance
• Additional Food, Soft drink, Refreshment
• Personal Expenses
• Tips, Phone, etc

- Comfortable trekking shoes
- Sleeping Bag
- Windbreaker / jacket, sweater, gloves, ear cover
- Flesh light
- Sun block lotion
- Insect repellent
- Cameras / video camera, binocular
- Personal toiletries
- Personal medicines
- Rain coat
- Sun Block.
- Personal medicine.
- Sun glasses.
- Camera / video (keep it safe from water)